These are the descendants of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's slave-girl, bore to Abraham.
While most of us remember how Sarah became the mother of nations, we tend to forget Hagar shared in the same promise. Ishmael's descendants were also numerous.
The fourth [son of David], Adonijah son of Haggith; the fifth, Shephatiah son of Abital.
Very little information about this lady. She was with David during his reign in Judah, she bore his fourth son. One wonders if she felt like a number during her lifetime as she became in remembrance. We do not know if Abital was David's wife, concubine or paramour--the Bible does not state she is a wife.
1 Kings 1:5:
Now Adonijah son of Haggith exalted himself, saying, 'I will be king'; he prepared for himself chariots and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him.
Haggith's son decided to become king of Israel.
1 Kings 1:11:
Then Nathan said to Bathsheba, Solomon's mother, 'Have you not heard that Adonijah son of Haggith has become king and our lord David does not know it?'
Haggith's son claimed of David's throne.
1 Kings 2:13:
Then Adonijah son of Haggith came to Bathsheba, Solomon's mother. She asked, 'Do you come peaceably?' He said, 'Peaceably.'
1 Chronicles 3:1-2:
These are the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelite ; the second Daniel, by Abigail the Carmelite; the third Absalom, son of Maacah , daughter of King Talmai of Geshur; the fourth Adonijah, son of Haggith.
But I will establish my covenant with you; and you shall come into the ark, you, your sons, your wife, and your sons' wives with you.
The wives of Noah's sons were also on the Ark. Genesis 7:1:
Then the Lord said to Noah, 'Go into the ark, you and all your household, for I have seen that you alone are righteous before me in this generation.'
And Noah with his sons and his wife and his sons' wives went into the ark to escape the waters of the flood.
On the very same day Noah with his sons, Shem and Ham and Japheth, and Noah's wife and the three wives of his sons entered the ark, they and every wild animal of every kind, and all domestic animals of every kind, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth, and every bird of every kind?every bird, every winged creature. They went into the ark with Noah, two and two of all flesh in which there was the breath of life. And those that entered, male and female of all flesh, went in as God had commanded him; and the Lord shut him in.
Noah and his wife and their sons and daughter-in-laws obeyed God and gathered in the ark. The rain began and continued for 40 days. Finally on the fortieth day Noah opened the window. Genesis 8:15-19:
Then God said to Noah, 'Go out of the ark, you and your wife, and your sons and your sons' wives with you. Bring out with you every living thing that is with you of all flesh?birds and animals and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth?so that they may abound on the earth, and be fruitful and multiply on the earth.' So Noah went out with his sons and his wife and his sons' wives. And every animal, every creeping thing, and every bird, everything that moves on the earth, went out of the ark by families.
And his [Gilead] sister bore Ishod, Abiezer, and Mahlah.
1 Samuel 1:1-2:
There was a certain man of Ramathaim, a Zuphite from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham son of Elihu son of Tohu son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. He had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah . Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.
Hannah faced several serious problems. First her husband had another wife, a wife who gave Elkanah something Hannah couldn't-children. More Hannah had a deep desire for children. We can take a feminist attitude, and say this desire came from societal pressures, or we can take a human attitude that says Hannah simply wanted to be a mother to her own children. Either way, this woman experienced a pain many women today share--she was barren. Sadly, women today still face the same societal pressures Hannah faced. A heartrending longing for a child by an infertile woman (or man) wounds, yet a Christian culture that defines women solely by the biological "purpose" of childbirth can provide the death blow to a broken spirit. We must be aware of the Hannahs in our midst when we preach that a woman's place is child rearing. We must remember only God Himself creates us, and only God Himself can give us purpose.
1 Samuel 1:3-9:
Now this man used to go up year by year from his town to worship and to sacrifice to the LORD of hosts at Shiloh, where the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were priests of the LORD. On the day when Elkanah sacrificed, he would give portions to his wife Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters ; but to Hannah he gave a double portion, because he loved her, though the LORD had closed her womb. Her rival used to provoke her severely, to irritate her, because the LORD had closed her womb. So it went year by year; as often as she went up to the house of the LORD, she used to provoke her. Therefore Hannah wept and would not eat. Her husband Elkanah said to her, 'Hannah, why do you weep? Why do you not eat? Why is your heart sad? Am I not more to you than ten sons?'
Again we see how Hannah's story mirrors the experiences of modern women. Elkanah really tried to make up for Hannah's loss. He gave her the double portion. Peninnah picked on Hannah, "because LORD had closed her womb." How many times have well meaning Christians provoked modern Hannah's? "Well, dear, if you'd just pray a little more, I'm sure God would give you a child," we sometimes hear. Or, "You just need to clean up that sin in your life, dear." Remember this went on for years. When we know the gist of the story, we may think, "Oh, it was so easy, Hannah just went to the Lord in prayer and her problem was solved." But Hannah had experienced this "year by year".
Hannah's story also reminds us to use discernment when dealing with a problem. In the church it is popular right now to give Satan and sin credit for everything "bad" in our lives. We hear that satang steals this from us, or took away that. We're told we should demand those things back or "storm the gates of hell to take back what he took". Well, not everything we don't like in our life can be laid at the enemy's door. Satan hadn't prevented Hannah from having children. Several times the Bible says, "the LORD closed her womb." Just because we don't like something, doesn't mean its not part of God's "good plan" for our lives. Hannah's infertility lead to the founding of Samuel's ministry. Samuel anointed David. Without Hannah's infertility, her vow and her obedience Samuel wouldn't have been raised in the house of the Lord and wouldn't have anointed David.
Elkanah shows us we also need discernment in dealing with people. He shows what happens when we lose patience with people. "Why do you weep?" he asked, knowing full well why. "Am I not more than enough to you than ten sons?" "Look at everything else you have," might be a modern response. Not only does Elkanah demonstrate self-absorption (did he really think he was better than ten sons?), but a lack of understanding. Since he had sons, he couldn't understand Hannah's grief. He couldn't experience compassion, because he'd never experienced lack. Today, when I watch members of my church, I find compassion most earnestly expressed by those who have overcome drug addictions, homelessness and criminal histories. These are the people who have experienced lack. People like me, who have grown up in the safety and security of the church tend to be less understanding--because we've never gone without spiritually, we tend not to have compassion for those who experience lack.
1 Samuel 1:9-11:
After they had eaten and drunk at Shiloh, Hannah rose and presented herself before the LORD. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat beside the doorpost of the temple of the LORD. She was deeply distressed and prayed to the LORD, and wept bitterly. She made this vow: 'O LORD of hosts, if only you will look on the misery of your servant, and remember me, and not forget your servant, but will give to your servant a male child, then I will set him before you as a nazirite until the say of his death, He shall drink neither wine nor intoxicants, and no razor shall touch his head.'
Hannah has an intense time with the Lord. We can see she has literally poured out her heart to Him. We all have our own church cultures, and I do not mock any of them. But I get the image of someone from one of the old time black gospel churches laying it all out in the middle of St Peter's Basilica. Hannah hurt, and she wasn't going to pretend before her God that everything was OK. She bled and wanted God to tend her wound.
She makes a vow. Often Hannah's vow has been used to support restricting women--people say that Hannah's vow wasn't valid until Elkanah agrees to it. Keep an eye out for Elkanah's "agreement" as we go through the Scriptures.
1 Samuel 1:12-14:
As she continued praying before the LORD, Eli observed her mouth. Hannah was praying silently; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard; therefore Eli thought she was drunk. So Eli said to her, 'How long will you make a drunk spectacle of yourself? Put away your wine.'
This story reminds us to look at our own faults before we look at the faults of others. Elkanah couldn't see that his disobedience in having two wives caused the women pain and conflict. Eli, priest and prophet of God, had spent so little time with God he couldn't even distinguish prayer from drunkenness. We would have expected understanding from these two--one the understanding of compassion and the other spiritual understanding; yet both lacked that understanding. Eli's lack of familiarity with his Lord would cause him problems later in his life.
1 Samuel 1:15-16:
But Hannah answered, 'No, my lord, I am a woman deeply troubled; I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I have been pouring my soul before the LORD. Do not regard your servant as a worthless woman, for I have been speaking out of my great anxiety and vexation all this time.'
How many times have you gone to church, poured our your heart and sorrows to the Lord...only to have some tell you not to be emotional, or not to make a scene? Many times we are like Eli, more concerned that someone not "make a spectacle" of themselves, than honoring someone's devotion to the Lord or sharing their pain.
1 Samuel 1:17-18:
Then Eli answered, 'Go in peace; the God of Israel grant the petition you have made to him.' Then the woman went to her quarters, ate and drank with her husband, and her countenance was no longer sad.
Back to the vow issue. Notice that Eli offers no instruction to Hannah about a vow or telling her husband. Eli, the priest and prophet, doesn't seem concerned about Hannah gaining permission for the vow.
1 Samuel 1:19-20:
They rose early in the morning and worshiped before the LORD; then they went back to their house at Ramah. Elkanah knew his wife Hannah and the LORD remembered her. In due time Hannah conceived and bore a son. She named him Samuel, for she said, 'I have asked him of the LORD.'
God honored Hannah's request and she bore a son. Again, we see that the Lord did wait until Elkanah acknowledged Hannah's vow. Instead He acted on the force of Hannah's word.
1 Samuel 1:21-23:
The man Elkanah and all his household went up to offer the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and to pay his vow. But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, 'As soon as the child is weaned, I will bring him, that he may appear in the presence of the LORD, and remain there forever; I will offer him as a nazirite for all time.'
Elkanah goes up to make the yearly sacrifice (its that vow he pays not Hannah's.) But Hannah decides not to go. Hannah decides to wean the child. Hannah tells her husband she is give the child up as a nazirite. This woman isn't waiting for her husband to act, to decide. She has made decisions, and is going to act on them. More, this is the first time the Bible records her telling Elkanah that Samuel will be a nazirite. So how does Elkanah respond?
1 Samuel 1:23:
Her husband Elkanah said to her, "Do what seems best to you, wait until you have weaned him; only--may the LORD establish his word.' So the woman remained and nursed her son, until she weaned him.
Some have claimed this was Elkanah validating Hannah's vow. If so, he seems somewhat lackadaisical about it. If on the other hand, "Do what seems best to you" refers to Hannah staying home that year to wait while the child is weaned (as he states) then it makes more sense.
1 Samuel 1:24-28:
When she had weaned him, she took him up with her, along with a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour, and a skin of wine. She brought him to the house of the LORD at Shiloh; and the child was young. Then they slaughtered the bull, and they brought the child to Eli. And she said, 'Oh my lord! As you live, my lord, I am the woman who was standing here in your presence praying to the LORD. For this child I prayed; and the LORD has granted me the petition that I made to him. Therefore I have lent him to the LORD; as long as he lives, he is given to the LORD.'
"She left him there fore the LORD.
Hannah did a number of things preachers today tell women we can't. She approached the Lord with her problem directly. Many times we're told women must go through their husband's, the "household priests" (no, the Bible doesn't link husbands with priests). She made a vow before the Lord, a vow with great spiritual impact not only for herself, but for all of Israel. One God answered her, she fulfilled her part of the vow. She, alone, took her son to the temple, with the appropriate sacrifices, and offered him to the Lord. Faith, decision-making, and covenant keeping are only a few of Hannah's strengths.
Hannah also composed one of the most beautiful prayers of the Bible.
1 Samuel 2:1-10:
Hannah prayed and said, 'My heart exults in the LORD; my strength is exalted in my God. My mouth derides my enemies, because I rejoice in my victory. There is no Holy One like the LORD, no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God. Talk no more so very proudly, let no arrogance come from your mouth; for the LORD is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed. The bows of the mighty are broken, but the feeble gird on strength. Those who were full have hired themselves our for bread, but those who were hungry are fat with spoil. The barren has borne seven, but she who has many children is forlorn. The LORD kills and brings to life; he brings down to Sheol and raises up. The LORD makes poor and makes rich; he brings low, he also exalts. He raises up the poor from the dust; he lifts the needy from the ash heap, to make them sit with princes and inherit a seat of honor. For the pillars of the earth are the LORD's, and on them he has set the world. He will guard the feet of his faithful ones, but the wicked shall be cut off in darkness; for not by might does one prevail. The LORD! His adversaries shall be shattered; the Most High will thunder in heaven. The LORD will judge the ends of the earth; he will give strength to his king, and exalt the power of his anointed.
Wow. Some of us may be surprised to learn this militant passage was written by Hannah. Many times we think of Hannah as a weepy, demure, overly shy woman sniffling in the back row of the church when Eli saw her. Yet, this passage reveals a woman of strong passions--downright blood thirsty passions at that! This passage reveals a woman deeply in-tune with God. Her words show her to be a prophetess, a great praise leader and a true servant of the Lord. Through out these verses she shows us, that in order to be conquerors we must first be broken. "He raises up the poor from the dust; he lifts the needy from the ash heap, to make them sit with princes and inherit a seat of honor." She reminds us not to be arrogant, for God will judge us. She also reminds us that God is always faithful, and always a refuge. Only someone who has experienced a lack, who has felt a need as Hannah did, could understand her LORD as her provider and refuge. Finally, one of my favorite lines, "My mouth derides my enemies, because I rejoice in my victory". Hannah didn't have to belittle Peninnah or anyone else--all she had to do was praise God for what He did for her.
The last reference we have to Hannah is in 1 Samuel 2, where we see a mothers' devotion.
2 Samuel 2:19 "His mother used to make for him a little robe and take it to him each year, when she went up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice. Then Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife, and say, 'May the LORD repay you with children by this woman for the gift that she made to the LORD'; and then they would return to their home.
"And the LORD took note of Hannah; she conceived and bore three sons and two daughters. And the boy Samuel grew up in the presence of the LORD."
For Herod had arrested John, bound him, and put him in prison on account of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife, because John had been telling him, 'It is not lawful for you have to have her.' Though Herod wanted to put him to death, he feared the crowd, because they regarded him as a prophet. But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before the company, and she pleased Herod so much that he promised on oath to grant her whatever she might ask. Prompted by her mother, she said, 'Give me the head of John the Baptist here on a platter.' The king was grieved, yet out of regard for his oaths and for the guests, he commanded it be given; he sent and had John beheaded in the prison. The head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, who brought it to her mother.
Herodias had been married to Philip, Herod's brother, then became Herod's wife. John the Baptist criticized Herod for that marriage for it violated the law. Herod was in a political mine field. John publicly criticized the King, but at the same time, John was recognized as a prophet by the people. Fearing the people's support of John, Herod was immobilized. Herodias developed a plan to circumvent Herod's reluctance. She had her daughter seek John's death.
Now King Solomon invited and received Hiram from Tyre. He was the son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali, whose father, a man of Tyre, had been an artisan in bronze; he was full of skill, intelligence, and knowledge in working bronze. He came to King Solomon, and did all his work.
Hiram was identified by his relationship to his mother.
He [Shaharaim] had sons by his wife Hodesh: Joab, Zibia, Mesha, Malcam, Jeuz, Sachia, and Mirmah. These were his sons, heads of ancestral houses.
Now Zelophehad son of Hepher had no sons, but daughters: and the names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tizrah."
In chapter 26, the Lord instructed Moses to portion out land according to the tribes. Because the land would be inherited by sons, it would stay with the tribe to which it had been granted. However, Zelophehad "had no sons" to inherit his portion.
Then the daughters of Zelophehad came forward. Zelophehad was son of Hepher son of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh son of Joseph, a member of the Manassite clans. The names of his daughters were: Mahlah , Noah , Hoglah, Milcah , and Tirzah . They stood before Moses, Eleazar the priest, the leaders, and all the congregation, a the entrance of the tent of meeting, and they said, 'Our father died in the wilderness; he was not among the company of those who gathered themselves together against the LORD in the company of Korah, but died for his own sin; and he had no sons. Why should the name of our father be taken away from his clan because he had no son? Give to us a possession among our father's brothers.'
These women had the courage to question not only Moses, but God. They realized that without a brother to inherit, their family would not receive a portion of land. They (not a male representative) went before Moses, the priest and the whole congregation to present their case. Their father had not been part of Korah's rebellion; he did not merit the punishment meeted out to the rebels.
Moses brought their case before the LORD. And the LORD spoke to Moses, say: 'The daughters of Zelophehad are right in what they are saying; you shall indeed let them possess an inheritance among their father's brothers and pass the inheritance of their father on to them. You shall also say to the Israelites, "If a man dies, and has no sons, then you shall pass his inheritance on to his daughters. If he has no daughters, then you shall give his inheritance to the nearest kinsman of his clan, and he shall possess it. It shall be for the Israelites a statute and ordinance, as the LORD commanded Moses."'
Often we have been told "never question God", yet these women did question God and were rewarded. God modified His original instructions, to allow the women to inherit. More, no one questioned their right to ask. Moses acted on their request, taking their request before God. He did not tell them they had to be silent.
However, this was a tribal society; land was owned by the tribe and portioned out to members. When sons inherited the land, the land remained with the tribe. If a woman inherited, then married, the land would leave the tribe.
The heads of the ancestral houses of the clans of the descendants of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh, of the Josephite clans, came forward and spoke in the presence of Moses and the leaders, the heads of the ancestral houses of the Israelites; they said, 'The LORD commanded my lord to give the land for inheritance by lot to the Israelites; and my lord was commanded by the LORD to give the inheritance of our brother Zelophehad to his daughters. But if they are married into another Israelite tribe, then the inheritance will be taken from the inheritance of our ancestors and added to the inheritance of the tribe into which they marry; so it will be taken away from the allotted portion of our inheritance. And when the jubilee of the Israelites comes, then their inheritance will be added to the inheritance of the tribe into which they have married; and their inheritance will be taken from the inheritance of our ancestral tribe.'
The men of the tribe wanted the land to stay in their tribe and not become the inheritance of another. They approached Moses and the assembled congregation with a great deal more formality than when the women brought their case.
Then Moses commanded the Israelites according to the word of the LORD, saying, 'The descendants of the tribe of Joseph are right in what they are saying. This is what the LORD commands concerning the daughters of Zelophehad. Let them marry whom they think best; only it must be into a clan of their father's tribe that they are married, so that no inheritance of the Israelites shall be transferred from one tribe to another; for all Israelites shall retain the inheritance of their ancestral tribes. Every daughter who possesses an inheritance in any tribe of the Israelites shall marry one from the clan of her father's tribe, so that all Israelites may continue to possess their ancestral inheritance. No inheritance shall be transferred from one tribe to another; for each of the tribes of the Israelites shall retain its own inheritance.
Again the Lord (through Moses) adjusted His command to meet the reality of Israelite society. To prevent the inheritance being shifted into another tribe, women inheritors would be required to marry within their clan. Most woman would have married within the clan anyway, as most marriages are endogamous. With this restriction, however, is the indication that women could marry whoever they choose.
The daughters of Zelophehad did as the LORD had commanded Moses. Mahlah , Tirzah , Hoglah, Milcah , and Noah , daughters of Zelophehad, married sons of their father's brothers. They were married into the clans of the descendants of Manasseh son of Joseph, and their inheritance remained in the tribe of their father's clan.
2 Kings 22 :13-14:
'Go, inquire of the Lord for me, for the people, and for all Judah, concerning the words of this book that has been found; for great is the wrath of the Lord that is kindled against us, because our ancestors did not obey the words of this book, to do according to all that is written concerning us.' So the priest Hilkiah, Ahikam, Achbor, Shaphan, and Asaiah went to the prophetess Huldah the wife of Shallum son of Tikvah, son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe; she resided in Jerusalem in the Second Quarter, where they consulted her.
We learn several pieces of information in this section. First, the command comes from the King, and revolves around an matter of national importance--particularly spiritual importance. Next, the issues involves "the words of this book"--Scripture. Hilkiah, Ahikam, Achbor, Shaphan, and Asaiah are priests, spiritual leaders in the community, yet they didn't have all the answers. They immediately went to Huldah, even though Jeremiah and Zephaniah were active and available. Huldah's gender does not seemed to have bothered any of these leaders. Finally, we learn that Huldah has a husband, a courtier. Put in other terms, the king sent four priests to a married woman for authoritative revelation regarding Scriptures. This story challenges many of the perceptions we hold about women in the church. Are priests/pastors the only Christians able to hear from the Lord, as some would have us believe? Should we always go through the husband to hear from the wife, or more, always assume God will go through the husband before the wife? Does God only use women when He can't find a willing man? Do married women really need to leave their ministries to be Godly wives? Can women truly not give authoritative teachings regarding the Scriptures to men--and if we answer, "only in private" how many people have to be present before it is no longer private?
2 Kings 22:15-20:
She declared to them, 'Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Tell the man who sent you to me, "Thus says the Lord, I will indeed bring disaster on this place and on its inhabitants--all the words of the book that the king of Judah has read. Because they have abandoned me and have made offerings to other gods, so that they have provoked me to anger with all the work of their hands, therefore my wrath will be kindled against this place, and it will not be quenched. But as to the king of Judah, who sent you to inquire of the Lord," thus shall you say to him, "Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Regarding the words that you have heard, because your heart was penitent, and you humbled yourself before the Lord, when you heard how I spoke against this place, and against its inhabitants, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and because you have torn your clothes and wept before me, I also have heard you, says the Lord. Therefore, I will gather you to your ancestors, and you shall be gathered to your grave in peace; your eyes shall not see all the disaster that I will bring on this place."' They took the message back to the king.
Huldah boldly answers the call the Lord gave her. How many of us today would be willing to step out and offer such an alarming message to not only "church" leaders, but national leaders. She certainly didn't soft-pedal or water down her words, either to minimize their impact or reflect her gender. I once read that women must remember their "submissive nature" every time they spoke, and use properly submissive words----somehow this doesn't quite describe Huldah. She was respectful, yes; but she was also authoritative. She "declared" the Lord's words. She appealed not to her own authority but to the "Lord, God of Israel."
2 Chronicles 34:22-28:
So Hilkiah and those whom the king had sent went to the prophet Huldah, the wife of Shallum son of Tokhath son of Hasrah, keeper of the wardrobe (who lived in Jerusalem in the Second Quarter) and spoke to her to that effect. She declared to them, 'Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Tell the man who sent you to me, Thus says the Lord: I will indeed bring disaster upon this place and upon its inhabitants, all the curses that are written in the book that was read before the king of Judah. Because they have forsaken me and have made offerings to other gods, so that they have provoked me to anger with all the works of their hands, my wrath will be poured out on this place and will not be quenched. But as to the king of Judah, who sent you to inquire of the Lord, thus shall you say to him: Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Regarding the words that you have heard, because your heart was penitent and you humbled yourself before God when you heard his words against this place and its inhabitants, and you have humbled yourself before me, and have torn your clothes and wept before me, I also have heard you, says the Lord. I will gather you to your ancestors and you shall be gathered to your grave in peace; your eyes shall not see all the disaster that I will bring on this place and its inhabitants.' They took the message back to the king.
Chronicles repeats the story of Huldah. Once we have acknowledged Huldah's role, we can look at the men around her. The men deserve a great deal of credit. Imagine living in a fully patriarchal society. You are the king. Your people have found a book that predicts disaster for your people. We don't know what the king knew, that we don't. Somehow he knew that Huldah, not Jeremiah or Zephaniah would be able to direct him. Had Huldah always been the authority on Scripture? Did he have a dream? What she just always the first person to turn to? We don't know. Yet, somehow he knew. He sent the priests to this woman. More, the priests willingly went to seek out Huldah. They receive the Lord's message from her. Without questioning her authority, without questioning her gender, they take the message back to the king. The king then acts on her words, beginning the revival in the 7 century BC ( Women Leaders and the Church: Three Crucial Questions by Linda Belleville, p. 44). Something similar occurred in 1949 on the small island of Lewis off the coast of Scotland. To elderly ladies received a vision from the Lord while they were praying. They sent for their pastor, who responded immediately to his two home bound parishioners. They told him of their vision, explaining that a man would come to the island bringing a revival that would swept the Lewis and nearby islands. Upon their word, the pastor acted, inviting Duncan Campbell to preach. From those meetings, several thousand people came to the Lord or renewed their faith.
And Shaharaim had sons in the country of Moab after he had sent away his wives Hushim and Baara .
Shararaim must have married Moabite women, then sent them away. The Bible does not address what happened to these women. They may have been taken back into their own families or have been left without provision. Shaharaim did have sons with Hushim, however.
1 Chronicles 8:11:
He also had sons by Hushim: Abitub and Elpaal.