And Shaharaim had sons in the country of Moab after he had sent away his wives Hushim and Baara.
Shararaim must have married Moabite women, then sent them away. The Bible does not address what happened to these women. They may have been taken back into their own families or have been left without provision. Baara did not have children by Shaharaim.
When Esau was forty years old, he married Judith daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Basemath daughter of Elon the Hittite; and they made life bitter for Isaac and Rebekah.
Esau took his wives from the Canaanites: Adah daughter of Elon the Hittite, Oholibamah daughter of Anah son of Zibeon the Hivite, and Basemath, Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebaioth. Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau; Basemath bore Reuel."
These are the names of Esau's sons: Eliphaz son of Adah the wife of Esau; Reuel, the son of Esau's wife Basemath.
These were the sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. These were the sons of Esau's wife, Basemath.
Ahimaz, in Naphtali (he had taken Basemath, Solomon's daughter, as his wife).
Verse 7 explained that Israel had twelve officials under Solomon, each responsible for providing food for the king and his retinue for one month out of the year. Basemath, Solomon's daughter, was married to one of those officials.
2 Samuel 1:11:
In the spring of the year, the time when kings go out to battle, David sent Joab with his officers and all Israel with him; they ravaged the Ammonites, and besieged Rabbah. But David remained in Jerusalem.
Various commentators have indicated David was either too old to go campaigning with his officers, or that kings were supposed to govern the battle from home. Either of these may have been the case, though we notice the Bible does not seem to think so. Twice in one verse the writer tells us David stayed home, while everyone else went to war. Obviously, he was not were he was supposed to be, which always opens the door for trouble in our lives.
2 Samuel 1:12:
It happened on afternoon, when David rose from his couch and was walking about on the roof of the king's house, that he saw from the roof a woman bathing; the woman was very beautiful.
This one line has been used to create romantic stories of love, passion and seduction, but read the verse again. David was walking on the roof of the king's house. Which mean he was far above all that occurred around him. The Bible does not tell us where Bathsheba was bathing. She may have been close for David decides she is beautiful. Yet, as we all know, men are more than capable of determining a woman's beauty even at a distance. Nowhere does the Bible state Bathsheba knew David watched her, or that she "flaunted" herself at him. More, David does not fall in love with Bathsheba, he just thinks she is beautiful. Finally, to return to verse 1, if David were too old to be going into battle, then he would no longer have been the good-looking sexy young man Michal watched from her window.
2 Samuel 11:2:
David sent someone to inquire about the woman. It was reported, 'This is Bathsheba daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite.
Here we encounter another problem with placing the blame on Bathsheba. If we assume that she brazenly enticed David, and he relented in a fit of passion, we find that David actually had to track Bathsheba down--he had to investigate her. At that point he learns she is married, yet that does not stop him.
2 Samuel 11:4:
So David sent messengers to get her, and she came to him, and he lay with her. (Now she was purifying herself after her period.) Then she returned to her home.
If any blame at all could be placed on Bathsheba, it would be because "she came". Yet, could she have defied the King? Notice that David sent "messengers" to get her. Not only had the king commanded her presence (the messengers were sent to get her, not to convey an invitation) , but he sent more than one person to rely that command. David did not keep her after having intercourse with her, she went back home. Certainly,she was not the greedy manipulator often portrayed
2 Samuel 11:4:
The woman conceived' and she sent and told David, 'I am pregnant.
Imagine her panic. Her husband is off to battle, and she becomes pregnant. She has to send to the king, the child's father, and hope for help. I recently read a commentator who felt this simple statement indicated Bathsheba planned this pregnancy. However, what words did we expect Bathsheba to use? She used the same words many young women have uttered in similar circumstances.
2 Samuel 11:6-7:
So David sent word to Joab, 'Send me Uriah the Hittite.' And Joab sent Uriah to David. When Uriah came to him, David asked how Joab and the people fared, and how the war was going.
The Bible contrasts what David has been doing with Uriah's honor. While David has been home, bedding Uriah's wife, Uriah has been warring for Israel.
2 Samuel 11:8:
Then David said to Uriah, 'Go down to your house, and wash your feet.' Uriah went out of the king's house, and there followed him a present from the king.
To understand what David was telling Uriah to do, we must remember that the Hebrew word for feet can be a euphemism for genitalia. David was suggesting a specific type of "r&r"-a type that would hide David's own sin. Often we become so involved with the meaning in the Bible, we overlook the mastery of its literary style. The Bible doesn't say what the present was, but the reader knows David has planted another "present" in Uriah's house already.
2 Samuel 11:9-10:
But Uriah slept at the entrance of the king's house with all the servants of his lord, and did not go down to his house. When they told David, 'Uriah did not go down to his house,' David said to Uriah, 'You have just come from a journey. Why did you not go down to your house?
David had things worked out, but Uriah was not co-operating with David's plans. I know in my own experience with "covering up" after a sin, things rarely go as I plan. Somehow no matter how hard I try to hide, my secret sins refuse to stay buried.
2 Samuel 11:11:
Uriah said to David, 'The ark and Israel and Judah remain in booths; and my lord Joab and the servant of my lord are camping in the open field; shall I then go to my house, to eat and drink and to lie with my wife? As you live, and as your soul lives, I will not do such a thing.
Uriah, a foreigner, has proved more honorable than the Jewish king. While the foreigner concerns himself with the ark and God's people, David has concerned himself with his own desires. Christians may over look the significance of this. God's covenant was with Israel. Israel was supposed to be God's chosen people, more holy and righteous before their God. Yet, here, a foreigner, an outsider to the covenant, proved to be more honorable than the great Jewish king, the representative of God's covenant. Like the Samaritan in Jesus' parable, true honor and true dishonor were found where least expected.
At this point, David has to change tactics, and had Uriah killed in the name of battle.
2 Samuel 11:26-27:
When the wife of Uriah heard that her husband was dead, she made lamentations for him. When the mourning was over, David sent and brought her to his house, and she became his wife, and bore him a son.
At this point, Bathsheba becomes David's wife. Quite often we assume that Bathsheba arranged or instigated all this, but the Bible tells us David planned and implemented the liaison, the deception and the murder....then finally the marriage.
However, David's scheme had not gone un-noticed. Nathan brought a message of rebuke cloaked in a parable, and a prophecy.
2 Samuel 12:9-12
Why have you despised the word of the LORD, to do what is evil in his sight? You have struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and have taken his wife to be your wife, and have killed him with the sword of the Ammonites. Now therefore the sword shall never depart from your house, for you have despised me, and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife. Thus says the LORD: I will raise up trouble against you from within your own house; and I will take your wives before your eyes, and give them to your neighbor, and he shall lie with your wives in the sight of this very sun. For you did it secretly; but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.
Often we remember that David was a man after God's own heart, yet forget that God said David had "despised" God. Good people can to very bad things. For all David was a great man of worship, he was also a man of great deceit and sin. Bathsheba, Tamar, Ruth and other women of the Bible were just as flawed, and just as gifted. God punished David for the sin David committed.
2 Samuel 12:14:
Nevertheless, because by this deed you have utterly scorned the LORD, the child that is born to you shall die. Then Nathan went to his house.
"The LORD struck the child that Uriah's wife bore to David, and it became very ill. David therefore pleaded with God for the child; David fasted, and went in and lay all night on the ground."
Why did God have this child die? I don't know. I don't know why an innocent child suffered for his father's sin. 2 Samuel 12:24:
Then David consoled his wife Bathsheba, and went to her, and lay with her; and she bore a son, and she named him Solomon. The LORD loved him.
David and Bathsheba had been punished with the death of their son, but the Lord offered restoration with another son, who found favor in His sight. However, Nathan's prophecy would continue to be fulfilled. (We can assume some time has past before David went to Bathsheba for sex-aka. consolation. However, given David's sex history, I doubt it.)
1 King 1:11-14:
Then Nathan said to Bathsheba, Solomon's mother, 'Have you not heard that Adonijah son of Haggith has become king and our lord David does not know it? Now therefore come, let me give you advice, so that you may save your own life and the life of your son Solomon. Go in at once to King David, and say to him, 'Did you not, my lord king, swear to your servant, saying: Your son Solomon shall succeed me as king, and he shall sit on my throne? Why then is Adonijah king?' Then while you are still there speaking with the king, I will come in after you and confirm your words.
This strange scene raises several questions. Why did Nathan go to Bathsheba instead of approaching David himself? Did David really promise that Solomon would be king? Was Nathan acting on the Lord's command?
1 Kings 1: 15:
So Bathsheba went to the king in his room. The king was very old; Abishag the Shunammite was attending the king. Bathsheba bowed and did obeisance to the king, and the king said, 'What do you wish?' She said to him, 'My lord, you swore to your servant by the LORD your God, saying: Your son Solomon shall succeed me as king, and he shall sit on my throne. But now suddenly Adonijah has become king, though you, my lord the king, do not know it. He has sacrificed oxen, fatted cattle, and sheep in abundance, and has invited all the children of the king, the priest Abiathar, and Joab the commander of the army; but your servant Solomon he has not invited. But you my lord the king--the eyes of all Israel are on you to tell them who shall sit on the throne of my lord the king after him. Otherwise it will come to pass, when my lord the king sleeps with his ancestors, that my son and I will be counted offenders.
Surprisingly, in all the catalogs of Bathsheba's devious deeds, this conversation is usually forgotten. Here we see a woman using verbal manipulation to gain her own end. She reminded David of a promise he supposedly made--and elaborates far more than Nathan had instructed. She indicates that not only has Adonijah claimed the throne, but he has excluded Solomon from any form of participation. Then she added that not only Solomon would be endangered, but she would also be threatened. While Michal and other women had become pawns in political intrigue, Bathsheba has turned the tables. She makes David her pawn in gaining power not only for her son, but for her through her son.
1 Kings 1:22:
While she was still speaking with the king, the prophet Nathan came in.
Nathan completes his plan, and verifies everything Bathsheba has said.
1 Kings 1:28-31:
King David answered, 'Summon Bathsheba to me.' So she came into the kings presence, and stood before the king. The king swore, saying, "As the LORD lives, who has saved my life from every adversity, as I swore to you by the LORD, the God of Israel, "Your son Solomon shall succeed me as king, and he shall sit on my throne in my place," so I will do this day.' Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the ground, and did obeisance to the king, and said, 'May my lord King David live forever!
Again, we are left to question Bathsheba's motives. Did David originally make such a promise, or had she and Nathan acted fro their own benefits? In both accounts, they stressed their own exclusion from Adonijah's activities. Obviously, since she was making plans for her own son to ascend to the throne, it seems unlikely that she truly wished David would live forever, particularly as this was not phrased as a prayer to God!
We learn in chapter two that David has died.
1 Kings 2:13-19:
Then Adonijab son of Haggith came to Bathesheba, Solomon's mother. She asked, 'Do you come peaceably?' He said, 'May I have a word with you?' She said, 'Go on.' He said, 'You know that the kingdom was mine, and that all Israel expected me to reign; however, the kingdom has turned about and become my brother's, for it was his from the LORD. And now I have one request to make of you; do not refuse me.' She said to him, 'God on.' He said, Please ask King Solomon--he will not refuse you--to give Abishag the Shunammite as my wife' Bathsheba said, 'Very well; I will speak to the king on your behalf.
Adonijab goes to Bathsheba hoping she will use her influence on the king to gain his request. His approach to her almost seems like a political advance, and in fact it was. As with Reuben sleeping with his father's concubine, Adonijab wants his father's concubine to gain political advantage. Why he thought Bathsheba would help him gain this advantage is unclear, though he does seem aware that she has something to do with his lose of the throne. She promises to go to the king and speak on Adonijab's behalf.
1 Kings 2:19:
So Bathsheba went to King Solomon, to speak to him on behalf of Adonijab. The king rose to meet her, and bowed down to her; then he sat on his throne, and had a throne brought for the king's mother, and she sat on his right.
Bathsheba approached her son. The king not only rises to meet her, but bowed down before her. The verse tells us the extent of Bathsheba's personal power at the time. The king of Israel bowed down to her ; then he had a throne brought for his mother which he placed at his right. Being on the right was a place of honor, and an indication of shared power.
1 Kings 2:20-25:
Then she said, 'I have one small request to make of you; do not refuse me.' And the king said to her, 'Make your request, my mother; for I will not refuse you.' She said, 'Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to your brother Adonijab as his wife.' King Solomon answered his mother, 'And why do you ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijab? Ask for him the kingdom as well! For his is my elder brother; ask not only for him but also for the priest Abiathar and for Joab son of Zeruiah!' Then King Solomon swore by the LORD, 'So may God do to me, and more also, for Adonijab has devised this scheme at the rest of his life! Now therefore as the LORD lives, who has established me and placed me on the throne of my father David, and who has made me a house as he promised, today Adonijab shall be put to death.' So King Solomon send Benaiah son of Jehoiada; he struck him down, and be died.
Solomon does not grant Bathsheba's request. He lays blame for the intrigue solidly at the feet of Adonijab. He sees the request as a challenge to his throne.
1 Chronicles 3:5:
and during that time, he had thirteen more sons. His wife Bathsheba daughter of Ammiel gave birth to Shimea, Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon.
Bathsheba might have just been a forgot name in history, just another scandal in a scandal ridden monarchy. But, like many other women of dubious sexual history in the Old Testament, she has an important part in one of the major events in history.
and Jesse the father of King David.
And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah
A woman with a shady past, linked with adultery and murder, was part of our Lord's heritage.
Judah and his Canaanite wife Bathshua had three sons: Er, Onan, and Shelah. But the Lord had Er put to death, because he disobeyed and did what the Lord hated."
Bathshua was Judah's wife. After her death, Judah sought comfort with a prostitute. The prostitute turned out to be his daughter-in-law Tamar.
After several days had passed, King Agrippa and Bernice arrived at Caesarea to welcome Festus. Since they were staying there several days, Festus laid Paul's case before the king, saying, 'There is a man here who was left in prison by Felix."
Paul had been imprisoned by the religious leaders of the day, then the Roman authority arrived and decided to take charge over Paul. Festus offered to judge Paul, but Paul insisted on appealing to the Emperor. Festus decided to allow the appeal to the Emperor, but was still baffled by the case. He presented the case to his visitors, King Agrippa and Bernice.Acts 25:23
So on the next day Agrippa and Bernice came with great pomp, and they entered the audience hall with the military tribunes and the prominent men of the city. Then Festus gave the order and Paul was brought in.
Bernice and King Agrippa came to the audience with full pageantry-a pageantry designed to intimidate. In face of this intimidation, Paul spoke eloquently.Acts 26:30-32
Then the king got up, and with him the governor and Bernice and those who had been seated with them; and as they were leaving, they said to one another, "This man is doing nothing to deserve death or imprisonment."
Bernice, King Agrippa and Festus listened to Paul's arguments, and agreed that he had not broken the law. Notice that at each stage Bernice was included. She was part of the invitation to hear the case. She helped preside at the hearing. She was part of the "they" to reach the decision.
(Laban gave his maid Bilhah to his daughter Rachel to ber her maid.)
Bilhah, like Zilpah, was a servant/slave passed on Laban to Rachel.Genesis 30:3-8
Then she said, "Here is my maid Bilhah; go in to her, that she may bear upon my knees and that I too may have children through her." So she gave him her maid Bilhah as a wife; and Jacob went in to her. And Bilhah conceived and bore Jacob a son. Then Rchel said, "God has judged me, and has also heard my voice and given me a son"; therefore she named him Dan. Rachel's maid Bilhah conceived again and bore Jacob a second son. Then Rachel said, "With mighty wrestlings I have wrestled with my sister, and have prevailed; so she named him Naphtali."
Bilhah was passed from Laban to Rachele, then from Rachel to Jacob. Though in she is called "wife" in English, she was not "wife" in the same way that Leah and Rachel were Jacob's wives. Rachel says that Bilhah will "bear upon my knees" and that through Bilhah Rachel will have children. This means any children birthed by Bilhah will be considered Rachel's, not Bilhah's. Even as she bears children for Jacob, Bilhah remains a tool to be passed from one person to the next based on the needs of others.